7 continents of the world and their countries

Of all the planets in the solar system, Earth is the only planet that can support living organisms. Earth, however, is composed of large land mass that is what we call ‘continents.’  Theories suggest that millions of years ago there was only one supercontinent called Pangaea. Pangaea subsequently broke, and the pieces now account for Earth’s current continents. The following is the list of the seven continents and the countries lying in it arranged according to their area sizes.

1. Asia (Wiki)

Of all the seven continents, Asia is the largest regarding area and population. Asia has covered almost 30% of Earth’s total land and 8.66% of its overall surface which is calculated to be 44.6 million km². Below are Asia’s (54) countries and its highlights (which is an integral part of being one of the seven continents of the world)

⦁ Afghanistan

⦁ Armenia

⦁ Azerbaijan

⦁ Bahrain

⦁ Bangladesh

⦁ Bhutan

⦁ Brunei

⦁ Cambodia

⦁ China: largest (by population)

⦁ Cyprus

⦁ Georgia

⦁ India

⦁ Indonesia

⦁ Iran

⦁ Iraq

⦁ Israel

⦁ Japan

⦁ Jordan

⦁ Kazakhstan

⦁ Kuwait

⦁ Kyrgyzstan

⦁ Laos

⦁ Lebanon

⦁ Malaysia

⦁ Maldives: smallest country that covers only 1491.4 km²

⦁ Mongolia

⦁ Myanmar (Burma)

⦁ Nepal: Mount Everest is located (the highest point on the Earth by height)

⦁ North Korea

⦁ Oman

⦁ Pakistan

⦁ Palestine

⦁ Philippines

⦁ Qatar

⦁ Russia: largest (by area)

⦁ Saudi Arabia

⦁ Singapore

⦁ South Korea

⦁ Sri Lanka

⦁ Syria

⦁ Taiwan

⦁ Tajikistan

⦁ Thailand

⦁ Timor-Leste

⦁ Turkey

⦁ Turkmenistan

⦁ United Arab Emirates (UAE)

⦁ Uzbekistan

⦁ Vietnam

⦁ Yemen

2. Africa

Africa is the second largest and the second most populous continent with apparently about 30.3 million km² in area. It covers 20.4% of Earth’s total land and 6% of its overall surface. Surrounded by waters, the North is separated from Europe by the Mediterranean Sea. The northeast, in turn, is separated by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea, the east and southeast by the Indian Ocean, and the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Africa is considered as the place where humans and our ancestors originated, fed by the discoveries and researches of scientists. Same with the Asia continent, below is Africa’s (54) fully recognized sovereign states.

⦁ Algeria: Largest (by area)

⦁ Angola

⦁ Benin

⦁ Botswana

⦁ Burkina Faso

⦁ Burundi

⦁ Cabo Verde

⦁ Cameroon

⦁ Central African Republic (CAR)

⦁ Chad

⦁ Comoros

⦁ The Democratic Republic of the Congo

⦁ Republic of the Congo

⦁ Cote d’Ivoire

⦁ Djibouti

⦁ Egypt

⦁ Equatorial Guinea

⦁ Eritrea

⦁ Ethiopia

⦁ Gabon

⦁ Gambia

⦁ Ghana

⦁ Guinea

⦁ GuineaBissau

⦁ Kenya

⦁ Lesotho

⦁ Liberia

⦁ Libya

⦁ Madagascar: famous for its extinct biodiversity/wildlife

⦁ Malawi

⦁ Mali

⦁ Mauritania

⦁ Mauritius

⦁ Morocco

⦁ Mozambique

⦁ Namibia

⦁ Niger

⦁ Nigeria

⦁ Rwanda

⦁ Sao Tome and Principe

⦁ Senegal

⦁ Seychelles: smallest (by area)

⦁ Sierra Leone

⦁ Somalia

⦁ South Africa

⦁ South Sudan

⦁ Sudan

⦁ Swaziland

⦁ Tanzania

⦁ Togo

⦁ Tunisia

⦁ Uganda

⦁ Zambia

⦁ Zimbabwe

3. North America

With the area of 24.71 million km², North America is considered the third largest continent which lies wholly in the northern hemisphere. It covers almost 4.8% of the earth’s surface and comprises around 16.5% of the whole land area on the Earth. It is positioned in the planet’s northern and western hemispheres and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, South America, and the Caribbean Sea in the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the south and west, and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. In total, there are (23) officially recognized independent states in North America.

⦁ Antigua and Barbuda

⦁ Bahamas

⦁ Barbados

⦁ Belize

⦁ Canada: largest (by area)

⦁ Costa Rica

⦁ Cuba

⦁ Dominica

⦁ Dominican Republic

⦁ El Salvador

⦁ Grenada

⦁ Guatemala

⦁ Haiti

⦁ Honduras

⦁ Jamaica

⦁ Mexico

⦁ Nicaragua

⦁ Panama

⦁ Saint Kitts and Nevis: smallest (by area)

⦁ Saint Lucia

⦁ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

⦁ Trinidad and Tobago

⦁ United States of America (USA): 2nd Largest (by area)

4. South America

The planet’s 4th largest continent is located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the southern hemisphere and a little portion of the northern hemisphere. South America has a massive area of 17.84 million km². It touches on the East and the North with the Atlantic Ocean and the west by the Pacific Ocean and North America and the Caribbean Sea to the northwest. It includes (3) major territories namely the Falkland Islands, Galapagos Islands and French Guiana and (12) independent countries;

⦁ Argentina

⦁ Bolivia

⦁ Brazil: largest country (by area 50% of continent)

⦁ Chile

⦁ Colombia

⦁ Ecuador

⦁ Guyana

⦁ Paraguay

⦁ Peru

⦁ Suriname: smallest (by area) and only nation in the region

⦁ Uruguay

⦁ Venezuela

5. Antarctica (WIKI)

It is the third smallest continent in the world after Australia and Europe which covers the earth’s the South Pole. Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, driest and least populous continent of the world where water remains frozen year around. It is located in the Antarctic Circle and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Antarctica has no countries or government or any permanent residents except nearly 4,000 people visit the continent each year to study about the place. A few of them are almost semi-permanent residents because they remain there for extended periods of time as part of scientific communities.

6. Europe (WIKI)

The continent of Europe which is attached to Asia is the 2nd smallest continent in the world. Since it is connected with Asia, the whole landmass combining the two continents is called Eurasia. The division of the Asia and Europe, however, is more for cultural and political purposes. Europe covers 10.8 km² in total and is equivalent to 2% of the Earth’s surface and 6.8% of the total land mass. Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Europe includes the following 51 independent states:

⦁ Albania

⦁ Andorra

⦁ Armenia

⦁ Austria

⦁ Azerbaijan

⦁ Belarus

⦁ Belgium

⦁ Bosnia and Herzegovina

⦁ Bulgaria

⦁ Croatia

⦁ Cyprus

⦁ Czech Republic

⦁ Denmark

⦁ Estonia

⦁ Finland

⦁ France

⦁ Georgia

⦁ Germany

⦁ Greece

⦁ Hungary

⦁ Iceland

⦁ Ireland

⦁ Italy

⦁ Kazakhstan

⦁ Kosovo

⦁ Latvia

⦁ Liechtenstein

⦁ Lithuania

⦁ Luxembourg

⦁ Macedonia

⦁ Malta

⦁ Moldova

⦁ Monaco

⦁ Montenegro

⦁ Netherlands

⦁ Norway

⦁ Poland

⦁ Portugal

⦁ Romania

⦁ Russia: largest (by area)

⦁ San Marino

⦁ Serbia

⦁ Slovakia

⦁ Slovenia

⦁ Spain

⦁ Sweden

⦁ Switzerland

⦁ Turkey

⦁ Ukraine

⦁ United Kingdom (UK)

⦁ Vatican City: smallest (by area)

7. Australia and Oceania (WIKI)

It is the smallest continent of the Earth. It lies on a continental ledge surrounded by shallow seas. It has the Pacific Ocean towards the east, and the Indian Ocean lies to the west of it. The oceans divide it into several land areas – the Arafura Sea and Torres Strait between mainland Australia and New Guinea, and the Bass Strait between mainland Australia and Tasmania. Australia has the total area of 8.56 million km². Despite being the smallest, Australia has a total of 12 independent states which includes:

⦁ Australia: largest (by area)

⦁ Fiji

⦁ Kiribati

⦁ Marshall Islands

⦁ Micronesia

⦁ Nauru: smallest (by area)

⦁ New Zealand

⦁ Palau

⦁ Papua New Guinea

⦁ Samoa

⦁ Solomon Islands

⦁ Tonga

⦁ Tuvalu

⦁ Vanuatu


Exploring the facts about the continents that make up our world can be inspiring, exciting, and perhaps even entertaining. However, the positions of the continents are not permanent; they may move and change from time to time. According to some research, North America, and Europe are moving away from each other for about 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) per year. If given a chance to visit Earth again after long years, you might find out that part of California had separated from North America and become would become an island. Africa might split in two between the Great Rift Valley and it is even possible that another supercontinent may form one day.

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